How to Awaken & Feel Your Chi (Qi/Ki)

氣 How to Awaken & Feel Your Chi (Qi/Ki) the “Secret” Foundation of Tai Chi (Taiji)

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As a long time Karate student, of 18 years now since 2005, with a keen sense of curiosity, interest and analytics, I always enjoyed reading a wide range of martial arts books. I read about everything including; techniques, kata, applications, pressure points, weapons, history and philosophy. One interesting item that kept cropping up in quite a few different martial arts books was the concept of Chi (Qi/Ki). Chi is the mysterious vital energy life force that flows through everything. I thought it sounded fascinating, but extremely esoteric, and either highly unlikely or utterly unreachable. The concept of Chi is often dismissed as a mythical fantasy by Westerners who sometimes put hubris above humility. I was rather skeptical myself, but kept an interested open mind.

It appeared to me that various martial arts masters were dropping hints and clues like bread crumbs, to enable those who seek, to find them in order to locate and follow this hidden path. I related these thoughts in my previous parable: The Key & The Lock. These clues I kept finding turned out to be the keys that led me in search of the hidden lock, and allowed me to open it…

Be Like Water: Practical Wisdom from the Martial Arts — Chapter 1: Summoning Your Chi: Find Your Center

Be Like Water: Practical Wisdom from the Martial Arts by Joseph Cardillo

A couple of passages about Chi that I found most interesting early on were the following quoted sections from the first chapter of a great little book — Be Like Water: Practical Wisdom from the Martial Arts. The first passage is his detailed description of his initial introduction to Chi by his Karate and Kung Fu teacher.

When I began my studies in martial arts, my Karate and Kung Fu teacher introduced our class to the notion of chi early on. I remember he told us to position our hands in front of us as though we were holding a basketball, our right hand on top, left on the bottom, fingers pointed sideways.

“Now” he said, “relax and concentrate on your Lower Dan Tien.”

He was teaching us how to center. Centering is believed to harmonize the body, mind, and spirit, as well as help in the development of chi.

“Relax completely,” he emphasized. “But hold your concentration.”

He told us to close our eyes. “Let your weight follow its course downward. Feel the gravity but without giving in to it. Relax each joint and muscle. Feel the ground below you. Feel your feet becoming one with it. This is called rooting.”

Some people like to visualize a cord attached to their spine and rooted into the earth, drawing energy up into their body.

“Let the earth’s energy enter you. Breathe deeply through your nose and exhale through your mouth,” he explained. “Let the air travel through your entire body — throat, abdomen, limbs.”

He asked us to keep our eyes closed and to visualize our breath as pure white, nurturing and healing everything it touched. We began to regulate (measure) our breathing.

“When I clap my hands inhale,” he said. “Slowly.”

And with that he gave us a brisk ten count. “Now hold your breath.” He counted another ten. “Okay, now exhale, slowly.” He again gave us a count of ten.

He told us to follow our breath downward and to continue focusing on our Lower Dan Tien. This is the body’s hub of energy.

Dating back to the Shaolin monks in A.D. 525, regulated breathing has been taught as a way of increasing concentration during prayer and strength in the fight.

“Our bodies are vessels,” my instructor said. “And they can hold only a limited amount of energy, good and bad.”

He asked us to continue focusing on our Lower Dan Tien and to visualize our chi as a white light, pulsing vibrantly with each breath.

“Try to extend your chi outward,” he said. “Feel it enter your hands. Feel it with your hands.

Regulated breathing, coordinated with the summoning and releasing of chi, helps cleanse the body of bad energy and replenishes it with good.

My notion of martial arts up to that point had been focused on external movements and exercises that could be used for building confidence and self-defense and, perhaps, de-stressing. But here was my instructor wanting me to breathe differently , telling me that “internal” concentration would increase not only my overall power of focus, but also my external strength. I was fascinated.

He asked us all to open our eyes. He looked at me. “What did you feel?” he asked.

“I’m not sure.” I added, I felt a slight sense of heat… like a warm current.

“That’s it,” he said.

Many of the other students experienced something similar.

“I want you to remember that feeling. We are going to do a lot with it,” he said. “But for now, there is more to learn.”

What he was referring to was the assimilation of several other techniques we had yet to be taught that would increase our ability to feel chi and to know when and how to best channel it into our movements.

“For now,” he concluded, “just feel it and remember this: Where the mind goes, your chi will go.”

— Dr. Joseph Cardillo, Be Like Water: Practical Wisdom from the Martial Arts

Just as Dr. Joseph Cardillo was fascinated by this lesson with his teacher, I was fascinated by his description of the lesson. What was to made of this description? The teacher was obviously attempting to teach the students how to feel their Chi, so such “Chi” must exist and be something that one could feel. When one is relaxed and focused, Chi could be felt with your hands. He described it as feeling “like a warm current.”

Were both the teacher and students mistaken? Was it all just in their imaginations? Were they just making it all up? It was simultaneously perplexing and fascinating, to say the least…

But, this first chapter also had another passage with yet another very important clue which would complete the first real key to ultimately unlocking the lock for me…

Standing loosely, relax yourself (remember, your mind must be relaxed for chi to grow). Imagine a small balloon. Now visualize it just before you, just in front of your Lower Dan Tien — that space a few inches below your navel.

Position your hands so that they are actually holding the visualized balloon. Let yourself feel this. Then vanish the skin of the balloon, still letting the air inside it (between your hands) maintain its shape. This is what your chi feels like. Hold it, circulating your hands around its perimeter. Try to increase your sensitivity to it. Feel the pressure it makes between your hands.

Now center; concentrate on your Lower Dan Tien. Keep your hands positioned there so that you can better direct your breath. Breathe deeply and smoothly. Regulate your breathing to a brisk ten count. If a count of ten is too strenuous, try five or less until you can work your way up.

Hold your breath, also for a brisk ten-count, then slowly release it.

Draw your breath down to your Lower Dan Tien and feel the energy gathering there. Feel yourself gathering energy up from the earth. Let that energy also gather in your Lower Dan Tien. Likewise, let the energy of the cosmos enter through your Upper Dan Tien (the chakra point at the top of your head). Let it, too, flow and gather to where you are holding your hands.

— Dr. Joseph Cardillo, Be Like Water: Practical Wisdom from the Martial Arts

So, while the first passage mentioned that when you are relaxed and focused you could feel Chi “like a warm current” with your hands, this passage says it feels like a “skinless balloon,” or the feel of pressure between your hands. This would later prove to complete the first critical key to my breakthrough that ultimately unlocked the secret lock. Heat could be rationalized away as simply blood flow, but a feel of pressure between your hands? What is that all about? Again, regulated breathing and relaxation was used to enter a meditative state in order to facilitate the ability to feel your Chi.

I tried the described exercises quite a few times myself, because it sounded fascinating, but I felt nothing. No heat. No invisible balloon. No pressure. Were they just making it all up? Was it all just in their minds? Or, was I just missing some other parts of the puzzle?

The Tai Chi Book: Refining and Enjoying a Lifetime of Practice — Chapter 2: Ch’i

The Tai Chi Book: Refining and Enjoying a Lifetime of Practice

In addition to my Karate and Kobudo training, I had been practicing the Yang Style 24-Step Short Tai Chi Form since 2013. I had learned the form pretty well, but it just seemed like practicing a karate kata in slow motion. I could recognize some self defense applications within the form from my karate training and the slow movements did help improve my balance, weight transfer, and technique paths/tracking. But that really didn’t seem like enough of a benefit to justify the entire branch of martial arts consisting of Tai Chi / Qigong. So, it seemed like I was missing something, something big. I would later find out, what I was missing was the ever elusive Chi.

My wife knew I was often reading martial arts books and that I was also practicing Tai Chi. One day when she was dropping off some books at a used bookstore she happened to come across a book that she thought I might like: The Tai Chi Book: Refining and Enjoying a Lifetime of Practice. So she bought it for me. I had previously read a few Tai Chi books. They were mostly all about the movements, with details about how to perform them. Some included cursory background and historical information. This book had much of that as well, but this one was different. This book delved into the underlying foundation of Tai Chi that most other Western books either glossed over or skipped entirely, namely Chi. While it discussed Chi throughout, it also had a dedicated chapter with a wealth of intriguing information including the following passages of particular interest for my research.

Correct practice of T’ai Chi Ch’uan includes the highly valued entity called Ch’i. Chi’i is a Chinese term corresponding to no word in English; in fact, no Western concept is even remotely related to it. The Japanese call it ki, and in India it is called prana. Some translators use the words breath, blood, energy, or life force in describing ch’i. While blood and oxygen are important accompaniments to chi’, these characterizations are quite insufficient. …

How is Ch’i Experienced?

The most common description of ch’i is a tingling or squirming sensation. This sensation os often mistaken by beginners to be that of the circulation of the blood, but the movement of blood causes more of a pulsing feeling.

As the practitioner becomes more adept, a swelling sensation begins to appear. The swelling has a supportive quality that pervades the entire body without any gaps and makes it possible to exert surprisingly large amounts of external force in a totally relaxed and natural manner.

Advanced practitioners experience ch’i circulating through the body. The circulation of chi’i is enhanced by movement or by mental intent.

— Robert Chuckrow, Ph.D., The Tai Chi Book

Robert Chuckrow states that “Correct Practice” of Tai Chi includes the “highly valued entity, ” Chi. This suggests that practicing Tai Chi without Chi (Qi/Ki) would be an incorrect or incomplete practice, a suggestion I would see again in another valuable book. The Chinese concept of Chi or Qi is also called Ki in Japanese and Prana in India, but it has no English or Western equivalent. This makes the concept of Chi rather difficult for many Westerners to approach, understand and exercise. He further describes the experience of Chi as feelings of tingling/squirming, swelling and finally circulating. All good clues.

Sensing and Cultivating Ch’i

Probably the most important precondition for the serious cultivation of ch’i is a state called sung. Sung is discussed in detail in chapter 3, but, for the present discussion, it will suffice to describe sung as a state of inner relaxation without any compromise of outer shape. Once a certain degree of sung is attained, it is then helpful to notice the circulation of the blood and its oxygenation. Another help is to feel the flow of air over the skin during slow movement. This feeling is somewhat similar to that of ch’i. A third help is to gently “squeeze” and “stretch” the space between the fingers. This squeezing can also be applied to the space between the hands and to the space between the arms and the body. Achieving the correct degree of tension and openness will result in a distinct energizing and tingling of the parts involved.

After one’s movements are sufficiently relaxed and fluid, it is important to notice subtle changes of internal pressure that occur with every movement. The practitioner will then begin to sense a flow of ch’i. Eventually, awareness of the familiar route that the ch’i takes will become strong. This awareness is then used to make minute changes in the speed, tension, and shape of the movements to increase the strength of the natural flow of ch’i. Developing this awareness is called cultivating the ch’i.

In the T’ai Chi Ch’uan form, the mind initiates the flow of ch’i, which, in turn, initiates each movement. However, each movement intensifies the chi’i. Thus, there is a synergistic effect that greatly escalates the flow of ch’i over time.

— Robert Chuckrow, Ph.D., The Tai Chi Book

This passage provided a number of additional important clues that would help unlock the hidden lock. The “most important precondition” to cultivate Chi is a state called sung, which he describes as inner relaxation while maintaining outer shape. I would soon come to call this a state of relaxed tension as I found similar descriptions in additional books. Dr. Chuckrow also mentions squeezing the “space between the hands,” and feeling “subtle changes of internal pressure.” Those would later prove to be additional key clues.

To Those for Whom the Concept of Ch’i is Difficult to Accept

… It is best for T’ai Chi Ch’uan beginners to adopt a wait-and-see attitude. Until ch’i is experienced, it is unwise to accept it as a reality on another’s say-so. It is important, however, to keep one’s mind open. Once ch’i is felt, its reality will be naturally accepted.

— Robert Chuckrow, Ph.D., The Tai Chi Book

The author of this book, Dr. Robert Chuckrow, has a Ph.D. in experimental physics from NYU and has taught physics at NYU and other schools for over 40 years. Such an accomplished physicist would not be easily fooled into believing something that had no merit. His advice regarding how to approach the concept of Chi is sound, and turns out to be exactly what I did. I kept an open mind as I continued to research and explore the concept of Chi, until I would finally feel it for myself.

The Way of Energy: Mastering the Chinese Art of Internal Strength with Chi Kung Exercise

Another book that I had come across was The Way of Energy: Mastering the Chinese Art of Internal Strength with Chi Kung Exercise. This would provide the first missing leg that I needed to build a stronger foundation for my Tai Chi practice and also help me on my way to unlocking the hidden lock of Chi itself. The Way of Energy introduces the Qigong practice called Zhan Zhuang, standing like a tree. It’s a practice of standing still in specific postures in order to build internal energy somewhat similar to Yoga, but the postures focus on building internal strength more than flexibility. While Tai Chi is a form of motion meditation, Zhan Zhuang is a form of standing meditation. The following excerpts were particularly enlightening for my research.

Exertion and Relaxation

To accomplish this total cleansing and strengthening and to reduce radically the level of muscular and nervous tension in your body at the same time requires a completely different approach to exercise. It requires a method of training that combines exertion and relaxation simultaneously. This is different from doing vigorous exercise, such as calisthenics, and following this with a resting period. The Way of Energy is based on a dynamic and simultaneous fusion of exertion and relaxation — two apparently contradictory activities.

— Master Lam Kam Chuen, The Way of Energy

The Way of Energy’s Zhan Zhuang teaches you how to relax through intense exertion. This is what I have come to call a state of relaxed tension. It is the same principle of sung, inner relaxation while maintaining an outer shape, that Dr. Robert Chuckrow mentioned as being the most important precondition to cultivate Chi in The Tai Chi Book. Once you are capable of maintaining the various postures of Zhan Zhuang while standing still, you will be able to bring that same state of relaxed tension to your moving meditation of Tai Chi.

Chi Kung — The Energy Exercise

The goal of Chi Kung exercise is to stimulate the flow of energy internally in the body so that it effectively rushes through and clears the entire network of Chi channels, or “meridians.”

Extensive research has been done over the years to develop a system of exercise that wold speed up the blood circulation (and hence also stimulate the flow of Chi) without placing an intolerable strain on the lungs. The results drew on accumulated wisdom of Chinese Taoist and Buddhist breathing practices and the practices and disciplines of the martial arts. Chi Kung, as the resulting exercises were known, used a series of breathing exercises to control the internal movement of Chi while the body remained virtually motionless.

For centuries most knowledge about Chi Kung was passed on within families or small circles of masters and students and kept relatively secret. It is only recently that it has been taught and discussed publicly. There are a growing number of applications of Chi Kung exercise, ranging from the treatment of chronic illness through to the development of extraordinary physical powers that enable practitioners to break stones with their bare fingers. Now, it is increasingly being used to assist in the treatment of illnesses that Western medical practice cannot treat successfully. It is also being used to help prevent illness and building up the body’s immune systems and internal strength. What Chi Kung offers is a method of training the nervous system, the mind, and the internal organs simultaneously, so that the inner strength of the whole person is raised to a new level of power and fitness.

— Master Lam Kam Chuen, The Way of Energy

Western science is just now beginning to catch up to the ancient Taoists with regard to the natural Chi channels, called “Meridians” in the West, and the directional flow of Chi through those meridians.

Chi: Discovering Your Life Energy

Chi Discovering Your Life Energy

This great little book, Chi: Discovering Your Life Energy, is all about Chi and how Chi is the crucial foundation for proper Tai Chi practice. The book introduces a simple set of seven single Tai Chi Meditative Movements to help flow Chi. These individual forms prove to be a far more productive method of awakening and flowing your Chi rather than performing a longer multi-sequence Tai Chi form, which is often incomplete and ineffective.

These single meditative movements would provide the second missing leg, along with the first leg of Zhan Zhuang standing meditations, that would enable me to strengthen the underlying foundation of my overall Tai Chi practice.

A few passages with the most applicable clues for my Tai Chi / Chi research follow.

Flow Your Chi with T’ai Chi Meditative Movements

There is no other form of meditation training in the world today, except the original T’ai Chi flow meditation, which offers the means and method you need to “flow” your life energy. T’ai Chi will allow you to strengthen your mind while simultaneously helping you to grow your life energy or Chi.

Unfortunately, one result of the popularity T’ai Chi exercise enjoys today is that T’ai Chi has lost its original essence. Today’s popular T’ai Chi exercise only offers limited physical fitness benefits, due to a lack of knowledge and the failure to practice true Chi flow.

But T’ai Chi is not merely “slow-motion” exercise. Because learning T’ai Chi requires time, patience, devotion, and work, you owe it to yourself to spend that time and devotion learning the real thing. Real T’ai Chi starts with cultivating Chi awareness, moves on to develop Chi flow, and finally culminates in the practice of Chi application.

After attaining your feeling of Chi, as discussed in the section on motionless meditation, you should then practice T’ai Chi Fundamental single meditation movements, to flow your Chi with your mind.

Actually, it was this type of single form Chi-flow exercise that was taught in secret to select disciples in the inner halls of the Taoist temples. It was the elaborate, long and complicated forms for show, that were taught in the temple’s outer courtyard.

Whatever style of T’ai Chi you practice, whether you learn a traditional long form, a short form, a family style, or a single form style, the foundations of Chi awareness and Chi flow are crucial. Without these foundations, you simply cannot strengthen and grow your Chi. Without Chi awareness and Chi flow, T’ai Chi becomes a hollow shell of what it was originally designed to do. Don’t throw away your hard work during T’ai Chi practice, learn to feel and flow your Chi.

— Master Waysun Liao, Chi: Discovering Your Life Energy

The above passages from Master Waysun Liao’s book perfectly sum up the results of my wide-ranging research into what I was missing from my Tai Chi practice. Without the foundation of Chi flow, Tai Chi is but a hollow shell of what it was intended to be. The two missing legs, still meditation (Zhuan Zhuang) and single meditative movements, form the underlying foundation of Chi flow upon which the proper practice of longer Tai Chi forms depends. Master Liao explains that “single form Chi-flow exercise” was only taught in secret to select disciples in the inner temple, while the “long and complicated forms for show” were taught in the temple’s outer courtyard. This probably contributed to the wide spread of the longer “hollow shell” performances of Tai Chi forms among the masses. So, the masses who only learned the empty Tai Chi forms didn’t even know they were missing the heart of Tai Chi, the flow of Chi.

Tai Chi is like dance. The proper practice of dance generally requires the dancer to hear and/or feel music to drive their motion. (Even deaf dancers typically feel some vibrations of music and/or use visual cues to build up their own inner feeling of the particular rhythm and timing of the music to drive their motion.) One who does not hear or feel the music may try to copy the moves of a dance. The result may look like the dance, but without actually hearing or feeling the music, it will most likely fall short of the real dance. Similarly, the proper practice of Tai Chi generally requires the practitioner to sense and feel the flow of chi to drive their motion. One who does not sense and feel the flow of chi may try to copy the moves of a Tai Chi form, but without actually sensing and feeling the flow of Chi, it will most likely fall short of the real Tai Chi form.

Qigong Training is an Ancient form of Biofeedback Practice

Qigong training is similar to biofeedback practice. Biofeedback is a mind/body practice that enables a practitioner to build up their sensitivity, identification and ultimately control of normally autonomic bodily processes like heart rate, blood flow and blood pressure. Qigong is an ancient mind/body practice that similarly enables a practitioner to build up their sensitivity, identification and ultimately control of the normally autonomic bodily process of Chi flow.

The feeling of Chi is very subtle, at least initially. A Qigong beginner typically has a weak Chi flow. Beginners also lack both the sensitivity and understanding required to sense and identify the flow of Chi. However, there are certain techniques that may be used to help the beginner reach the point where they can begin to sense and identify the flow of Chi.

While biofeedback training generally uses external devices to train the mind to control the bodily functions, Qigong uses the body itself to train the mind to control the bodily function of Chi flow. The hands, and especially the fingertips, are the most sensitive parts of the body, so they can feel the subtle effects of Chi most easily.

Chi flows through natural channels in the body, called meridians in the West. On each side of the body, there are 12 major meridians and 6 of them travel from the body into the arms and end at the fingertips. Those 6 arm/hand meridians consist of 3 Yin/Yang pairs. Chi flows out from the body toward the fingertips along the Yin meridians on the front/inside of the arm/hand. Chi then flows from the fingertips back in toward the body along the Yang meridians on the back/outside of the arm/hand.

When the Chi flow is sufficiently increased, it can most easily be felt in the highly sensitive fingertips as it transitions from the hand Yin meridians to the hand Yang meridians.

Using the Discovered Keys to Awaken, Feel & Confirm Chi

Da Vinci Spark of Life

After all of the above research, and much more than I can include here, I was able to use the discovered hints, tips and keys to finally begin to unlock the “secret” lock, the elusive, mystical Chi — the Life Force.

I used the following collected hints, tips and keys to awaken and increase my Chi flow so that it could be felt.

After a few months of practicing Qigong with the above tips I was feeling periodic sensations that I thought was Chi flow. This included tingling in the fingers, feelings like ants crawling on your skin, sensations of heat flowing in various places, feeling like small channels opening up vertically in the face and liquid dripping down through them. But because these feelings could be rationalized away as simple blood flow, I considered them inconclusive.

Now that I had increased my overall Chi flow with consistent daily practice, I used the following additional collected hints, tips and keys to finally let me confirm that what I was feeling was indeed the flow of Chi, and not just blood flow.

Oddly enough my breakthrough occurred while in the shower where one often has breakthrough ideas. I had been thinking that many different religions used similar postures for meditation and prayer. I had tried the “holding the balloon” in front of the dantian exercises quite a few times without any success. I was thinking that maybe the hands acted like capacitors and a Chi field would build up between them. If that was the case, holding the hands closer together and straight like the plates of a capacitor might work. That made me think of the simple Christian prayer hand position.

Da Vinci Praying Hands

So I started slowly regulating my belly breathing to enter a meditative state, took up the sung relaxed tension state, and put my hands in the prayer position in front of my face. Then I separated them ever so slightly, keeping them as close together as I could without touching, while maintaining the relaxed tension throughout my body all the way to my fingers. Then I just started to slightly, slowly move my two hands back and forth across each other, as if rolling a straw back and forth between them. My fingertips soon started to tingle. I continued this for a few minutes and then, whoah! I started to feel something new. The best way to describe it, is that it felt like each of my fingers were a magnet with the similar poles facing each other so that as they passed each other they repelled each other. I felt definite pressure repelling my fingertips as they moved past each other. Now, up to this point, most of the feelings I had could be rationalized away as simple blood flow, but there’s just no way blood flow could make the fingers of one hand actually repel the fingers of the other hand. The only rational explanation was that I had finally felt Chi that was flowing through my fingertips and they were repelling each other.

After I had this breakthrough, and continued my Qigong training, I would then slowly increase my Chi flow and sensitivity to the point where I could then feel the “holding the balloon” in front of my face with hands relaxed and cupped further away. When slowly rotating my hands as if rolling a balloon between them I could now feel the same distinct pressure, mostly in the fingertips, but also beginning to awaken in the palms. Also slowly pushing the hands closer together and apart as if squeezing and relaxing the balloon would yield the same feeling of pressure building and subsiding between the hands.

Something really cool is that sometimes other people can also feel it if they pass their relaxed hand between mine while I’m doing the “rolling the balloon” exercise. And what really blew my mind, was the following exercise. I would do Zhan Zhuang Qigong in the pool, or just walked around vacuuming the pool for about an hour or so until I started to feel cold and needed to get out to warm up. Then, I went to take a hot shower and tried the same “rolling the balloon” exercise once I began to warm up in the shower. This seems to GREATLY increase the Chi flow to the point that I could feel sharp sparking jolts and intense rolling waves of pressure between my hands as I “rolled the balloon.” It’s pretty freaky really.

Some time after that, with continued Qigong training, I began to feel Chi in my daily Tai Chi practice as well. I began to feel the Chi in my hands as I performed the Yang Style 24 Step Tai Chi Form. I started to feel it as my hands slowly moved through the air, feeling a slight pressure like moving through water. I began feeling the pull and tug as my hands moved past each other in various forms. I could feel it flow from one leg to the other as my weight shifted back and forth throughout the form. I could feel a flutter in the dantian. I also started to notice other visual perceptions like seeing Chi trails as my hand moved through my field of vision. Now, rather than practicing Tai Chi as if it were just a slow motion karate kata, my Tai Chi training has sprung to life on a whole new level as I work to explore and control my Chi flow.

Now it’s your turn to do as Master Liao said in his book Chi…

“Don’t throw away your hard work during T’ai Chi practice, learn to feel and flow your Chi.

— Master Waysun Liao, Chi: Discovering Your Life Energy

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Arigato Gozaimasu (Thank You Very Much!)
-Renshi Mike Scaramozzino

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